Masaya Volcano National Park
Welcome to The Masaya Volcano National Park, a place with such a rich history where visitors can contemplate some of Mother Nature's most spectacular sceneries.
THE MASAYA VOLCANO AND ITS HISTORY
complex consists of two volcanoes:
Masaya and Nindirí,
and five craters; Masaya has one of its same
name and San Fernando
(dormant); Nindirí has two: Nindirí,
and San Pedro, and the other one, Santiago,
lies between the two volcanoes. Nindirí's last eruption was back
in 1670 while Masaya's was in 1772. Both Santiago and Nindirí's
San Pedro crater started forming in 1850, however, only Santiago is currently
active as it constantly emits sulfur dioxide gas that can be seen from
many miles away.
This volcano, also known
("burning mountain", in Chorotega language), drew a lot
of attention back in the pre-Columbian as well as the Colonial times.
When it would erupt, the local indians believed it was a sign of anger
from the gods. So, in order to stop the eruption, they'd sacrifice children.
The Spaniards called
it "Boca del infierno"
(mouth of hell) and really believed it was possessed. That's why
they placed a wooden cross
(Cruz de Bobadilla; named after Father Bobadilla) at the summit
in order to exorcise the volcano.